For the week ending July 17, 2021
Small grains and other field crops: Triple-digit heat has not gone away, as seen in recent week. Growers have turned on irrigation systems to keep soil conditions moist to support row crop’s growth. The extreme heat has dried out many crops and newer corn crops are needing more irrigation. Alfalfa fields are being cut, dried, and baled for hay. Cotton plantings are flowering.
Deciduous tree fruits, nuts, and grapes: Grape berries continue to enlarging in size. Early grape varieties are being harvested this week. High temperatures have hastened the ripening of apricots, peaches, nectarines, and plums, especially peaches; therefore volume of harvested stone fruit has increased. Kiwifruit are gaining size as fruit matures. Peaches and nectarines are being exported to Mexico, Taiwan, New Zealand, and Canada. Plums are being exported to Mexico and Canada. Pistachios are being exported to China, Israel, Algeria, the United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Turkey, Hong Kong, Vietnam, the Netherlands, Japan, Switzerland, Brazil, Mexico, New Zealand, Poland, Egypt, India, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Saudi Arabia, Morocco, the United Arab Emirates, and Germany. Almonds are being exported to India, Israel, Thailand, South Africa, Japan, Taiwan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Korea, Mexico, the United Arab Emirates, China, Chile, Barbados, the Philippines, Singapore, Lithuania, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Colombia, and Spain. Walnuts are being exported to Turkey, Mexico, and Israel. Pecans continue to be exported to the Middle East. Table grapes are being exported to Australia.
Citrus, avocados, and olives: Irrigation has been turned on more often in orchards due to drought conditions. The extreme warm weather has a lot of fruit going to juice and domestic markets. Valencia oranges are being sent to China, Korea, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Mexico, and Japan. Late navel oranges are being picked and packed for domestic markets and exported to Australia, Ecuador, Japan, Korea, China, Cambodia, Mexico, Malaysia, Panama, Thailand, Chile, Peru, El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, and Hong Kong. Cara cara navels are being packed and shipped domestically and to Vietnam, Japan, Taiwan, Indonesia, Hong Kong, and Korea. Lemons are being picked and packed for export to Korea, Chile, Mexico, Australia, and domestic market. Blood oranges are being shipped domestically and to Japan and Hong Kong. Pummelos are being picked for domestic markets, and are being packed for export to New Zealand and Australia. Organic murcot and clementine mandarins, along with navels, are being picked and packed for U.S. and Mexico markets. Star ruby grapefruit are being packed for the domestic market as well as shipped to Japan, Korea, and Taiwan.
Vegetables, melons, herbs, and berries: Farmers continue harvesting cantaloupes. Some local melons have been grown and harvested for sale. Spring lettuce, onions, eggplants, and herbs are growing well and being harvested for selling at the farmer’s markets. Certified producers are starting to offer early summer vegetables such as sweet corn, squash, cucumbers, peppers, tomatoes, and watermelons for sale at local markets and roadside stands. Bell peppers continue to develop.
Livestock and poultry: The condition of rangeland is poor due to the continued triple-digit temperatures. Irrigated pastures are in good to excellent condition. Non-irrigated pastures are dry and in very poor condition. Fed-cattle remains at $122/cwt. this week. Ranchers are focusing on feed and water for the cattle they keep. Some ranchers are supplementing their cattle with alfalfa and oat hay.
Tom’s additional comments: Local wholesale nursery shipments are still going out to local and out of state retail nurseries. Roses are being shipped to Arizona, Texas, and Hawaii. Surface water is flowing in a few of the irrigation district canals. Farmers are able to utilize ditch water instead of relying solely on ground water.