Visalia Heritage: The Miniature Rose

The Ralph Moore Memorial Rose Garden was established in 2003 and dedicated to Ralph Moore on May 29, 2003. This garden has over 300 of his roses, from climbers, tree roses, bushes, and creepers. (Nancy Hawkins)
UCCE Master Gardener

Visalia has almost 40 parks, but one of its perhaps lesser-known jewels is the Ralph Moore Memorial Rose Garden on the corner of Main and Hall Streets. 

Ralph Moore was born on Jan. 14, 1907, in Visalia, California. His father was a commercial vegetable grower and Mr. Moore was first introduced to roses in his grandparent’s garden in Visalia. He graduated from the local high school and enrolled in Visalia Junior College. He later attended the University of California, Davis, and began experimenting with breeding roses during his holidays from school. 

Mr. Moore enjoyed working with small roses. He later decided to develop and sell miniature roses. In 1937 he opened Sequoia Nursery in Visalia where he bred and sold mostly roses. He played an important role in the return to popularity of miniature roses, which had been abandoned by rose breeders and gardeners in the 19th century. Mr. Moore is known by many of his peers as the “Father of the Modern Miniature Rose.” 

On Jan. 14, 2007, Mr. Moore celebrated his 100th birthday at the Visalia Convention Center. He received an award from the Royal National Rose Society of Great Britain and the American Rose Society. He also received the flag flown over the United States Capitol on Jan. 8, 2007, in his honor. On Sept. 14, 2009, Ralph Moore died at the age of 102 of natural causes in Visalia.

On April 30, 2008, his retail rose business, Sequoia Nursery, closed. Mr. Moore gave his plants and breeding stock, and 80 rose patents, to Texas A&M University’s horticultural sciences department. A metal sculpture of roses climbing an arbor is located near the Horticultural and Forestry Sciences Building to honor his work. Some of his most popular miniatures were sent to the rose collections maintained by the University of California, at Davis. Burling Leone, at her nursery south of Farmersville, has much of the original rootstalk and is able to supply new stock when needed.

The Ralph Moore Memorial Rose Garden was established in 2003 and dedicated to Ralph Moore on May 29, 2003. This garden has over 300 of his roses, from climbers, tree roses, bushes, and creepers. When you come to the rose garden, take time to smell the roses and notice their names.

Since he was the one who developed the roses, he had the privilege of naming them. They are named after his wife, daughters, friends and others he chose to honor. His “Ann Moore,” named after his wife, is one of his award-winning roses.

Rosarians from around the world know Ralph Moore’s name and accomplishments. To rosarians, Ralph Moore put Visalia on the map! We, as Visalians, have acknowledged his accomplishments by honoring him with this garden. Norm Phillips, a local teacher and Master Gardener, was instrumental in ensuring this garden was built in Visalia. The garden is maintained by the City of Visalia Parks and Recreation Department and Tulare/Kings Counties Master Gardeners. As Master Gardeners, we use this garden to learn, demonstrate, and share gardening knowledge with the public.

So, what is a miniature rose and why is it so special? Miniature roses are members of the rose family but they are dwarf (miniature) in every respect. The leaves, flowers, roots, thorns, bushes, and even the space between the leaves, are all miniature. They can resemble the floribunda roses with clusters of flowers or, they can resemble tea roses, which have a single flower on a stem. They can climb or creep or be a bush or tree. There are even teeny dwarf miniatures!

Because miniature roses are still roses, their care is similar to the care you would give to a other roses. They require sunlight and some pruning. Because of their smaller root systems, proper irrigation is very important.

Like regular roses, they are susceptible to a variety of plant diseases and pests, including powdery mildew, rust, black spot, anthracnose, mites and aphids. UC Ag and Natural Resources offers an integrated approach to treatments for these problems. Management techniques include choosing varieties and irrigation practices carefully, promoting air circulation by correct pruning and plant spacing, and removing severely infested material promptly. Careful monitoring during our hot summer months is important. Spraying with water or a soap solution may be helpful. Chemicals, such as fungicides and pesticides, should be used only as a last resort, always following label directions.

Because they are smaller, pruning is a little easier on the hands, but since they are lower to the ground, harder on backs and knees! The method of pruning is similar to pruning larger roses. Cut out dead wood, overlapping and crowded branches. Create an open or vase-like structure that allows air circulation into the center of the plant. You should not prune away more than one third of the growth. Prune miniatures, like larger roses, in the winter (between Christmas and Valentine’s Day).

Ralph Moore has written three books about roses, “All About Miniature Roses” (limited availability on Amazon), “The Breeding and Development of Modern Moss Roses” (out of print), and “Thoughts of Roses: A Collection of Poems” (also out of print). Ralph Moore made a distinct and lasting impression on the world or roses, but nothing compared to the impression his knowledge, generosity and character made on all who knew him. Please take time to visit the Ralph Moore Memorial Rose Garden with the knowledge of the contribution Ralph Moore has made to the city of Visalia.

Gardeners will be live to answer your questions on Saturday, June 15, 8 to 11 a.m. at the Visalia Farmers’ Market at its new location, Tulare County Courthouse north parking lot in Visalia; or from 11 a.m. to 12 p.m. at the “How to Grow Tomatoes” demonstration at the Tulare Public Library. You can also contact them at 559-684-3325, or visit their web site at

This column is not a news article but the gardening advice and opinion of the writer, and does not reflect the views of The Sun-Gazette newspaper.

This column is not a news article but the opinion of the writer and does not reflect the views of The Sun-Gazette newspaper.

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